One of the primary and repeatedly encountered problems with products is a trouble of characterization. Products are often reductive equated to physical possessions, or more particularly, to physical property. This has the disadvantageous outcome of situating the design of products in the domain of design and engineering, and mainly without products from other activities of design.
Undoubtedly, such a thought of the product as solely a possession or as the outcome of one, but not another, activity of design is not adequate from the outlook of design as a practice involved in the commencement, scheduling, and making of products across ever increasing domains. Therefore, a more intense and robust definition of the product that can account for the growing practice.
THE PRODUCT is a distinction that can be made between screening the product either objectively or subjectively. When we use a product we usually regard it as a whole. The product is usually well thought-out circumscribed and full in itself. This is an objective view of the product: the product as a discernible relic that can be treated without prejudice on the basis of fact or a measurable quality.
Considering the product as such implies three things: the product can be systematically described by recognizable and comprehensible qualities, the product can be evaluated by unbiased criterion, and the product is a prudent object that can be described and evaluated “on its own.” We may need to look into subjective view. From the subjective view, the product is revealed as a multi-dimensional effort undergoing steady analysis and renovation, by both the designer and the public that considers the product.
1. Materialize:
Every product is the association of some material or materials. The materials of a product are the essentials rendered by design. But these materials are not only physical quantities. Addressing the materialize of a product is not reverting to a notion of the product as just a physical entity. It is, instead, acknowledging that the product is a constructed thing, made of certain elements, configured in a certain way that influences how it appears, is intended to function, and put to work.
The material elements of a product might be wood or plastic or other familiar materials. They might also be factors such as motion or time. The material elements of a product are different depending on the product. The unit of analysis — the least divisible part — is determined by the intended functionality of the product (on what basis the product will be evaluated) and by the skills and inclination of the designer.
2. Manner:
The Manner of a product is not the form, but the way form is made. The Manner of the product is how the materialize of the product is rendered by design. Because products are things designed by people, the materialization of the product cannot be alienated from the designer. Too often expression is considered as style and style is considered as only visual aesthetics based upon personal or market preferences. In fact, the issues of expression, indeed the issues of style, are much more complex. It is the philosophical differences of the designer, not color or shape preferences, which set the route for the Manner of the product.
3. Function The function of a product is the work a product is designed to do. The function and functionality of the product is a (if not the) central tenet by which it is defined and evaluated. For example, as Moholy-Nagy states, the “functional justification of a chair is sitting” (Moholy-Nagy 1947, 44). Simply stated, a chair provides the opportunity to sit and supports the action of sitting and the activity of being seated. The functionality of the product is the extent to which the design of the product allows for the function to be achieved. The functional qualities of a product include psychological and sociological requirements in addition to physical requirements. The work that a product is intended to do, its function, can be lucid as well as practical. A product’s functionality can be evenly evaluated on how well it enables manifestation and play as well as labor. For example, the function of park benches is to enable people to sit together, to foster communication and community. Similarly, we can consider a product’s functionally on both operational and aesthetic terms
4. Form A product’s form is not reducible to its outline, quantity, or masterpiece, nor is it the product’s style. The form of a product is the organization of relationships between the materials, expression, and function, toward the public. It is the empirical whole of the product, unified and stable but open to understanding and alters. deliberations of form, in particular the making and meaning of form, infuse design dissertation. These discussions tremendously treat form from a materialist viewpoint, producing descriptions and evaluations of a product’s physical qualities, particularly a product’s image look.